I teach introductory biology courses and mid- and upper-division courses in environmental science and field ecology. I primarily advise students interested in careers in environment - broadly defined. My research areas are (1) land use and water quality and (2) snails of Kansas.


  • Principles of Biology II (BIOL 212)
  • Principles of Conservation (BIOL 313)
  • Environmental Protection (BIOL 615 - online)
  • Environmental Health (BIOL 617 - online)
  • Limnology (BIO 633)
  • Stream Ecology (BIO 515)
  • Topics in Environmental Management (BIO 502)
    • Water Quality Monitoring and Assessment
    • Methods in Field Ecology
    • Wetland Ecology
  • Environmental Life Science (BIOL 113 - online)


I advise in two main areas - "Field Biology and Environment" and "Ecology and Organismic Biology".

There are a wide variety of jobs in "field biology and environment" (see the environmental careers page). My focus is on "pre-professional" interests headed to state or federal agencies and non-governmental organizations.

I also work with students interested more in the pure ecology and science side of things, perhaps looking a master's degree with later entry into the job arenas.

I meet with advisees at least once a semester for pre-enrollment conferences and otherwise as needed with drop-ins or by appointment or around classes or in the hallways.

We maintain a general set of environmental links useful for information gathering.


I've worked in water quality monitoring,  assessment, and regulation at the state agency level. My interest in water quality continues through contract research projects and various undergraduate and graduate student projects.

I maintain the Department's Environmental Quality Laboratory in support of instruction and research in water quality - both chemical and biological. Local sites such as the rivers in the Spring River watershed (Spring River, Center Creek, Cow Creek), the various strip mine lakes, and the sites of the Southeast Kansas Biological Station (SKBS) have been used for coursework, undergraduate research, and graduate research.

In addition to water quality work, I have begun a compendium of the mollusks of Kansas including land snails, aquatic snails, and clams (Kansas Mollusks).

The list of projects below serves as a description of the breadth of work. A long-term effort has been applied to the Monahan Outdoor Education Center, a part of the SKBS. In addition to water quality studies related to acid-mine drainage, short-term studies of wetlands on the site and community studies of the vegetation on the reclaimed portion of the property have been conducted.


Undergraduate Research Projects (partial)

  • Acid Mine Drainage at the Monahan Outdoor Education Center: A Survey of the Runoff Water. (Ken Gouvion)
  • Early growth of the Flamed Tiger Snail (Anguispira alternata) on various soil substrates from the Monahan Outdoor Education Center.(Sarah Wolfe)
  • Effect of food quality on the early growth of the Flamed Tiger Snail (Anguispira alternata). (Ashley Moore, Departmental Honors Project)
  • Runoff Water Quality in East Pittsburg. (Michelle Townsley)
  • E. coli levels in Cow Creek. (Sara Smith, Departmental Honors Project)
  • An ecological study of pseduo-karst in Montgomery County, Kansas. (James Potter)
  • Examination of total iron and sulfate concentrations in the Spring River basin of southeast Kansas. (Todd Trotter)
  • A study of zooplankton from the Natural History Reserve Main Pit. (Cody Roberts)
  • Patterns in longitudinal water quality in First Cow Creek. (Robert Weilert)

Master's Theses and Reports

  • Ken Gouvion. A Comparison of Microbial Communities in the Sediments of Natural and Constructed Wetlands.
  • Kip Chambers. Tributaries and Nutrient Loading in the Spring River Basin.
  • Clint Goodrich. Evaluation of the Role of Watershed Position and Land Use on Fish Community Sructure in the Marmaton River Watershed.
  • Daniel J. VanLeeuwen. Distribution and Relative Abundance of Freshwater (Unionidae) Mussels in Six Tributaries of the Lower Neosho River in Southeast Kansas.
  • Karen F. Yates. The Evaluation of Two Types of Multivariate Analyses Applied to Grassland Vegetation Data from a Reclaimed Coal Mine Area in Southeast Kansas, USA.
  • Lewis R. Anderson. The Relationship Between Land Use and Amphibian Biodiversity in Southeast Kansas.
  • Allisyn M. Austin. Contaminant Levels in Edible Fish from Southeast Kansas Strip-mined Lakes.
  • Sally A. Imhof. A Post-reclamation Water Quality Assesment of the Monahan Outdoor Education Center.
  • Pamela K. Baldridge. A Proposed Sixth Through Eight Grade Science Curriculum Consistent With National and State Standards. (report option)
  • Todd A. Campbell. The Effect of Land Use on Water Quality in Two Southeast Kansas Watersheds.
  • Kenneth J. Nickell. The Influence of Soy and Petroleum-based Inks on the Levels of VOCs and Selected Metals in Composted Newsprint and Plant Matter.
  • Kenneth S. Koon. Environmental Health of Riverine Vertebrates in Southeast Kansas.
  • Pamela R. Walker. A Review of Medical Waste Legislation and Its Potential Effectiveness in Crawford County. (report option)
  • James L. Growney. Local Approaches to Environmental Protection.
  • Glenda L. Mah. The Feasibility of Using Fish as Biological Monitors to Assess Toxic Impact in Some Southeast Kansas Streams

Publications (partial)

  • 2007. Harrell, T.D., J.A. Arruda, and J.R. Triplett. Aquatic Toxicology of Turkey Creek, Missouri. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science. 110(1-2):53-60. (pdf)
  • 2006. Anderson, L. and J.A. Arruda. In Press. The relationship between land use and amphibian biodiversity in southeast Kansas. Amphibian and Reptile Conservation. 4(1):46-59. (pdf)
  • 2005. Chambers, D.K., J.A. Arruda, and A. Jayawanda. A Synoptic Water Quality Survey of the Spring River and Its Tributaries. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science. 108(1-2):47-56. (pdf)
  • 2001. VanLeeuwen, D.J. and J.A. Arruda. A survey of the Unionid mussels in six tributaries of the lower Neosho River (Kansas). Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science. 104(3-4):164-177. (pdf)
  • 1989. Arruda, J.A. and C.F. Fromm. Relationships among trihalomethane formation potential, organic carbon, and lake enrichment. Environmental Pollution. 61:199-209.
  • 1988. Arruda, J.A., M.S. Cringan, G. Kersh, W.G. Layher, and C. Bever. Pesticide trends in fish tissue and water from Tuttle Creek Lake, Kansas. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. 41:617-624.
  • 1987. Arruda, J.A., Cringan, M.S., Haslouer, S.G., Gilliland, D., Fry, J., Brunson, K., and Broxterman, R. Correspondence between urban areas and the concentration of chlordane in fish from the Kansas River. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. 39:563:570.
  • 1985. Butler, M.K. and J.A. Arruda. Pesticide monitoring in Kansas surface waters: 1973-1984. Pages 196-200 in: Perspectives on Nonpoint Source Pollution, A National Conference. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C.
  • 1985. Shuman, J.R., G.R. Marzolf, and J.A. Arruda. The fate of materials exported by the Big Blue and Black Vermillion Rivers into Tuttle Creek Reservoir, Kansas. Pages 471-477 in: Perspectives on Nonpoint Source Pollution, A National Conference. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C.

Papers and Posters (partial)

  • 2013. Kansas Natural Resources Conference. A Preliminary Checklist of the Aquatic Gastropods of Kansas. (poster)
  • 2012. Kansas Academy of Science. A Preliminary List of the Land Snails of Kansas. (paper)
  • 2012. Kansas Natural Resources Conference. A Preliminary List of the Land Snails of Kansas. (poster)
  • 2011. Kansas Natural Resources Conference. The Growth of a Land Snail Exposed to Different Substrates from a Partially Reclaimed Abandoned Mined Land (poster with Sarah Wolfe)
  • 2010. Kansas Natural Resources Conference. A Land Snail Survey in Kansas. (poster)
  • 2009. Kansas Academy of Science. A Preliminary Survey of Land Snails in Southeast Kansas. (poster).
  • 2006. Kansas Academy of Science. Aquatic Toxicology of Turkey Creek, Missouri. (poster, authors: Tim Harrell, Joe Arruda, and James Triplett)
  • 2006. Missouri Natural Resources Conference. Stream Fish Communities in the Marmaton River Sub-basin (Missouri and Kansas). (poster, with Clint Goodrich)
  • 2005. Southwestern Association of Naturalists. Stream Fish Communities in the Marmaton River Sub-basin (Kansas and Missouri). (poster, with Clint Goodrich)
  • 2005. Tri-state Mining District Forum. Recent Studies of Biological and Chemical Environmental Quality in the Tri-state Mining District. (poster)
  • 2005. Kansas Chapter of the American Fisheries Society. A Comparison of Water Quality in Lake Fort Scott and Cedar Creek Lake, Bourbon County, Kansas. (with Scott Bernard and Pat Flynn) 2004. Kansas Academy of Science. Spring River Water Quality. (with Dave Chambers)
  • 2003. Kansas Academy of Science. A Pre- and Post-remediation Water Quality Survey of a Reclaimed Abandoned Mine Land. (with Josh Jagels, Scott Benard, Sarah Smith, John Imhoff, and Jim Daniel)
  • 2001. Kansas Chapter of the American Fisheries Society. A Summary of Recent Environmental Quality Studies in Southeast Kansas. (invited)
  • 2000. Kansas Dept. of Health and Environment Nonpoint Source Seminar. "Lake water quality modeling." (invited) Professional Memberships American Malacological Society Kansas Academy of Science Society for Freshwater Science (formerly NABS) Soil and Water Conservation Society Southwestern Association of Naturalists